# Times Interest Earned Ratio: Formula, Definition, and Analysis

For example, if the operating profit is \$60,000 and sales are \$100,000, the operating profit margin is 60%. Accounting ratios also work as an important tool in company comparison within an industry, for both the company itself and investors. A company can see how it stacks up against its peers and investors can use accounting ratios to determine which company is the better option. The TIE ratio is always reported as a number rather than a percentage, with a higher number indicating that a business is in a better position to pay its debts. For example, if your business had a times interest earned ratio of 4 times, it would mean that you would be able to repay your interest expense four times over. A company’s accounting ratios can be compared to the ratios of other companies in the same industry.

While a company might have more than enough revenue to cover interest payments, it may be facing principal obligations coming due that it won’t be able to pay for. Accounting or financial ratios can be extremely useful for businesses, provided that the proper ratio analysis is completed. A ratio calculated only once provides a good snapshot into your business finances but provides little in the way of useful detail if they’re not calculated regularly. While useful for internal purposes, accounting ratio metrics are also used by creditors and potential investors to gain better insight into the financial health of a business.

## How to Calculate Times Interest Earned Ratio (TIE)

If the company doesn’t earn consistent revenue or experiences an unusual period of activity, this period will distort the realistic operations of the business. This is also true for seasonal companies that may generate unfairly low calculations during slower seasons. To determine whether a times interest earned ratio is high, consider calculating the ratio several times over a specified period.

You have a company credit card for random necessities, with a current balance of \$5,000 and an annual interest rate of 15 percent. Your company’s earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) are pretty much what they sound like. This number is a measure of your revenue with all expenses and profits considered, before subtracting what you expect to pay in taxes the times interest earned ratio provides an indication of and interest on your debts. Conceptually identical to the interest coverage ratio, the TIE ratio formula consists of dividing the company’s EBIT by the total interest expense on all debt securities. The times interest earned ratio (TIE) compares the operating income (EBIT) of a company relative to the amount of interest expense due on its debt obligations.

## Examples of times interest earned

The ratio is stated as a number as opposed to a percentage, and the figures necessary to calculate the times interest earned are found easily on a company’s income statement. Solvency Ratios – second among types of accounting ratios is solvency ratios; it helps to determine a company’s long-term solvency. It is often used to judge the long-term debt paying capacity of a business. To calculate TIE (times interest earned), use a multi-step income statement or general ledger to find EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) and interest expense relating to debt financing. Divide EBIT by interest expense to determine how many times interest expense is covered by EBIT to assess the level of risk for making interest payments on debt financing. To assess a company’s ability to pay principal plus interest on debt, you can also use the debt service coverage ratio.

• If any interest or principal payments are not paid on time, the borrower may be in default on the debt.
• SuperMoney strives to provide a wide array of offers for our users, but our offers do not represent all financial services companies or products.
• If operating expenses increase, current earnings may decline, and the firm’s creditworthiness may be affected.
• It specifically compares the income a company makes prior to interest and taxes to what interest expense it must pay on its debt obligations.
• Keep in mind that earnings must be collected in cash to make interest payments.
• The times interest earned (TIE) ratio is a solvency ratio that determines how well a company can pay the interest on its business debts.